More than 20 million people are food insecure in Yemen. Of these 15.9 go hungry, 53% of a population that suffers the worst humanitarian crisis in the world and faces an imminent famine. “Livelihoods have been destroyed and food prices have soared beyond the reach of most families.
The provision of public services and social safety nets have been shattered, salaries largely not being paid. and Yemeni millions have exhausted all means of coping, it is clear that the country is rapidly approaching a tipping point, “said Daniele Donati, deputy director of Emergencies of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Agriculture (FAO), after knowing the results of the last report of the integrated Classification of the Phases of Food Security (CIF) prepared by FAO, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Program (WFP).
International organizations warn of the urgent need to increase humanitarian aid to save lives while in Stockholm these days a meeting is held between the two sides sponsored by the UN mediator, Martin Griffiths, with the aim of ending the fighting between the recognized government, supported by Saudi Arabia, and the Huthi rebels, backed by Iran.
The number of hungry has been one of the triggers for dialogue in this confrontation, which almost reaches four years, and which is the main cause of food insecurity in the country, according to the UN. Added to this is the loss of livelihoods and income and the increase in the price of basic products. “It is alarming,” says Lise Grande, humanitarian coordinator for Yemen. “Right now, 65,000 people can barely survive and at least 250,000 face a devastating year,” he says.
In the UN’s World Humanitarian Summary, presented last week in Geneva, where the organization describes an assessment of the world’s priority humanitarian needs, Yemen ranks as the country with the most funds in 2019, at 3,500 million euros. “The situation has worsened significantly and has deteriorated very quickly,” the UN reported.
“The priority is to stop the attacks, without this, it is likely to be worse, for example, the possible closure of the port of Al Hudaydah due to the fighting would reduce almost 80% of imports, as well as humanitarian food assistance, which would have a dramatic impact on the access and availability of food, “details Donati in Rome.
“Despite the fact that the most affected districts have not yet reached famine levels, thanks in large part to the efforts of the humanitarian community, there are households that experience similar conditions,” adds Donati in relation to phase five of the CIF report, considered catastrophe and that affects 240,000 people in only estimated data.
“Normal food production activity has almost stopped throughout the country, people are growing what they can in the backyard gardens, the animals that provide the milk protein are poorly fed and the lack of veterinary services, along with the shortage and high cost of medicines and animal feed is a major problem, “clarifies the assistant director of emergencies of the FAO.
The organization indicates that 1.8 million children suffer from acute malnutrition, including almost 400,000 who suffer it in its most severe form, a situation that causes these children to have an 11-fold higher risk of dying if they are not treated in time than a healthy child.
The same age “In a war fought by adults, it is they who suffer in the first place and those who suffer the most. Thousands of them could die of severe malnutrition if the conditions, including the conflict and the economic crisis, do not improve soon, “says Executive Director of Unicef, Henrietta Fore, in a note.
The World Food Program is increasing food and nutrition aid to reach 12 million people each month, FAO assists more than five million people to protect their livelihoods through the supply of seeds from crops and vegetables, fishing gear, material for poultry production, vaccines and treatments for livestock in addition to cash in exchange for work to rehabilitate agricultural infrastructure.
Unicef has accelerated the implementation of specialized programs in health facilities to treat severe acute malnutrition in children, in addition to providing equipment, medicines and specialized foods for children with severe malnutrition. It needs more.